5G network - Meaning, Features, Need, Pros and Cons

When mobile phones came in the beginning, we could only make calls and messages. But now we can also see the person living away from our mobile phone. And this became possible due to the inclusion of broadband technology in the cellular network. Examples of such broadband cellular networks are 2G, 3G, 4G, 5G and 6G. In this article, I am sharing information about 5G network with you.


What is 5G?

5G is the fifth generation of mobile network. Its speed is 20 times more than 4G. Where the peak speed of 4G is 1 Gbps, the peak speed of 5G is 20 Gbps.

5G Technology Features

Some of the main features of 5G technology are as follows:

  • Networking more computing devices in less cellular area
  • Higher download speeds, which can be up to 10 gigabits per second
  • The latency between sending and receiving information is very low, which can be as low as 1 millisecond
  • low power consumption
  • Ability to create multiple virtual networks from a single physical 5G network

Need of 5G

Nowadays we have started using many wireless devices like - wireless earphones, smart watches, smart speakers, laptops etc. And with the advent of technologies like Virtual Reality, Augmented Reality, the need for better connectivity has also increased.

Just imagine that you are going somewhere while looking at the direction in Google Maps and Google Map stops showing you the way forward due to poor network connectivity. How much trouble will you face at such a time?

Let's take another example - If we have installed smart bulbs, smart switches at home and the switch does not turn on due to poor Wi-Fi network, then you will have to live in the dark.

To deal with similar problems, the need for 5G technology has increased and now all mobile operators want to provide 5G facility to their customers.


  • Due to high bandwidth, you will be able to transfer more data at a time
  • You can connect more wireless devices at the same time
  • At least 1 million devices can be connected in an area of 1 square kilometer.
  • There will be real time interaction between two wireless devices


  • 4G phone does not support 5G technology, so people have to buy 5G supporting phone
  • With more wireless devices being connected, the chances of hacking personal and business data will also increase.
  • New towers will have to be set up for 5G, which will cost a lot.
  • Till now there are many rural places where even 4G network towers are not enough, it will take years for 5G network to come in such places.


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